Leedu presidendi pöördumine rahva poole tuumajaama küsimuses

Mida arvab Leedu president tuumajaamast? Olgu siinkohal ära toodud pöördumine Leedu rahva poole selles küsimuses 12.02.2008, küll inglise keeles…

Address to the People of Lithuania

Dear Fellow People of Lithuania,

I have taken a decision which will greatly affect Lithuanian independence and the future of its people. When searching for an answer whether to sign or veto the Law on the Nuclear Power Plant, which was passed by the Seimas and which created a wave of public emotions, I listened in to many opinions so as to adequately discharge the duty imposed on me.

I spoke about the need for Lithuania to remain a nuclear energy state and the need to build a new modern power station back in the summer of 2002, when the negotiations for EU membership were yet underway. We agreed with the precondition requiring to close down a safe power plant which, however, was constructed based on out-dated technologies.

Time has passed very quickly and we have found ourselves in an unenviable situation. The power plant is preparing to shut down its last reactor: it will be decommissioned be the end of 2009. With no power link to the West, Lithuania will become dependent on a single electricity source in the East.

We have started negotiations on building electricity bridges to Sweden and Poland. Poland associates the signing of such an agreement with a new power plant in Lithuania.

The same expectations have been voiced by our potential partners in the future construction of a power station: Estonia and Latvia, which also want to better satisfy their growing energy needs. Therefore, Lithuania MUST build a new nuclear power plant – as it has promised to do.

Together with experts in different fields – representatives from national supervision and control institutions, independent financial analysts, and members of non-governmental organizations – we have examined and analyzed the risks and threats posed by this law and the possibilities of controlling them.

A representative of NDX Energija – a private corporate participant in the project – has publicly confirmed when speaking to me that they are committed to participate in the construction of a power plant and to guarantee Lithuania’s energy integration with Western Europe.

I was searching for the best possible solution because it is hardly possible to find the very best decision in this situation. If a law on the funding of political parties in elections had been passed and enacted, there would not have been so many opposing and conflicting positions taken by parliamentary parties when they cast their votes on the Law on the Nuclear Power Plant. As long as legal persons are allowed to fund and finance political parties, we will never be sure whether decisions are made for the benefit of society and the state or in the interests of oligarchs.

If the Law is signed, a major state-controlled energy company would be committed to building electricity bridges to the West and to constructing a new power plant – a promise made by Lithuania to its foreign partners. However, Lithuanian society will remain suspicious about the possibly non-transparent choice of this particular private investor, non-completed efficiency studies of the new power plant, and adequate representation of state interests.

If the Law is vetoed, its earlier version passed by a large majority of parliamentary votes this past summer would remain valid – a version which according to legal experts and economists is of poorer quality compared to the present act.

Our partners – the Baltic States and Poland – could interpret the veto as a message that construction works are being put off for the future.

At the same time, we would delay the implementation of our strategic goal: to integrate into the European Union via power networks and free ourselves from dependency on energy sources in the East.

I openly raised this dilemma at the meetings and consultations held throughout the last week. Before making the final decision, I evaluated all of the arguments and I based it on the insights of experts and the commitments undertaken.

NDX Energija will review and adjust those clauses in subordinate legal acts which raise the most of doubts as regards the representation of state interests in the national corporate investor currently in the make. I also suggest that the company’s council of supervisors should include specialists from non-governmental organizations.

Today I have sent a letter to the Prime Minister. I have obligated the Government to review the existing agreements so that the representation of national interests and the mechanisms of supervision are strengthened.

The national investor must undertake an obligation to construct a new power plant and build electricity links to Poland and Sweden. Only in this way will the Lithuanian energy system be fully integrated into the EU power netwroks and markets.

I also urge the Government and the Seimas to strengthen in line with the best practices of EU member states those institutions that regulate the energy sector. Most importantly, they must have sufficient and independent funding and should effectively ensure the protection of consumer interests.

Based on the interests of the State and the responsibly entrusted upon me, I am signing this law into effect. I will request that only highly professional civil servants of the best reputation should work in institutions that supervise and control the national corporate investor and that its board of directors should be comprised of competent managers – and there are many of them in Lithuania.

However, if the parties of the negotiating process do not deliver the commitments made to me, we will always find a way to stop the project.

I have taken this decision taking into account, first of all, the advice given and without any regard to possible pressures or influences and also in conformity with our consistent policy towards closest international partners. I believe that it will be useful for the future of Lithuania.

H.E. Mr. Valdas Adamkus, President of the Republic of Lithuania

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